5 Artificial intelligence empowers aquaculture decision making

pcbuck April 22, 2021 0 Comments

2. Will robots farm our fish?

While considered a sustainable alternative to wild fishing, farmed fish arenot without their own sustainability concerns. Fish farms are often crampedconditions that can exacerbate issues such as diseases and parasites, leadingto lower yields and higher production costs. A remarkable company that isusing this technology to actively sort sick or harmed fish as well as thosethat are ready for processing is Cermaq. Check out the video on its iFarmsystem.The future of fish farming could very well lie in giant, autonomous roamingrobotic cages, called aquapods, such as the SeaStation by InnovaSea. Whilethese impressive cages might seem costly when compared to other costs ofaquaculture, the technology is likely to prove its efficiencies againststationary fish farms, particularly as demand for protein from fish sourcesincreases.The Aquapod is a free-floating fish farm that can accommodate several hundredthousand fish. Image Credit: InnovaSea.If aquapods grow fish in the open ocean, what happens when repairs are needed?Norwegian company SINTEF is developing an underwater robot that will be ableto examine and repair these nets, providing a safer and more cost-effectiveway to manage the operation.How will we then get these offshore fish to market? Rolls Royce believesrobotic cargo ships will be used for more efficient, clean and cost-effectiveshipping, and this concept could potentially become a vehicle for transportingthe fish raised offshore to commercial entities. In fact, Rolls Royce hasalready signed contracts to transport construction materials for offshore aquafarms, though these will most likely be facilitated through usual cargomethods initially.Other robotic opportunities in our oceans include SeaVax, which is working tocreate a large-scale, solar-powered robotic vacuum cleaner that could pick uparound 150 tons of plastic from the ocean. OceanOne is a bimanual underwaterhumanoid that allows for safer underwater exploration. This innovation couldpotentially serve as a human avatar, allowing the operator to work underwaterwhile staying onshore. Maritime Robotics and Deep Trekker both provide roboticor unmanned ocean monitoring devices to be used in exploration and aquafarming.

3. Drones dare to take on dangerous dives for data

Similar in many ways to robots, drones also offer applications for aquacultureboth above and below the water. Drones can be utilized for monitoring offshorefish farms, for example, and can take on any number of tasks that currentlyrequire specialized and expensive human intervention, such as inspectingunderwater cages for damage or holes.Companies like Apium Swarm Robotics use drones en masse to survey the oceanand provide analysis through the use of sensor technology. Blueye Pioneeroffers live video streaming of underwater exploration through the use of theBlueye app on a smartphone, tablet or with goggles. Companies like SeaDrone,Aquabotix, PowerRay and OpenROV are making affordable drones for underwaterexploration of both a professional and personal nature.This PowerRay drone can even include a virtual reality headset that allowsusers to explore open water while staying dry. Image Credit: PowerRay websiteDrones are also able to collect information that can be used to createalgorithms that further develop the technology or applications available inthe production of aquaculture and offshore fish farms. Saildrone, for example,offers data collection, fish stock analysis and environmental tracking andcould easily be applied to offshore aquaculture. This aquatic drone connectswith a producer’s tablet, smartphone or computer and allows for information tobe gathered and analyzed.

4. Sensors for smarter, more sustainable aquaculture

Many of the drones and robots mentioned above use sensors to navigateunderwater and collect data such as water pH, salinity, oxygen levels,turbidity and pollutants.From salmon to oysters, biosensors such as those created by Sense-T arehelping to create efficiencies in the industry through the analysis of oxygenlevels and water temperature; even heart rate and metabolism can be measured!Shrimp farms in India are using Sensorex to monitor dissolved oxygen levelsand balance pH to create an ideal atmosphere for improved shrimp efficienciesand yields.One of the coolest technologies is that of eFishery, which uses sensors todetect the hunger level of the fish and feed them accordingly. It can be usedin any size farm and can reduce feed costs by up to 21 percent.eFishery’s sensor technology can reduce feeding costs by up to 21 percent.Photo courtesy of eFishery.Real Tech uses sensors to monitor water quality and uses ultraviolettransmission to disinfect water of pathogens and clean aquaculture productionfacilities. Norwegian AKVA Group builds an entire cage with cameras, sensors,feeding and recirculation systems for use in open ocean or inland farming.Osmobot focuses exclusively on land-based aquaculture and allows for cloudmanagement and mobile connectivity. YSI has an array of handheld sensingdevices, automatic feeding technology and transportation tanks that maintainthe fishes’ ideal environment. Other neat companies that offer entiremonitoring systems include IPI Singapore, which offers real-time monitoringand connects for cloud-based analytics, and Pentair, which offers a completesuite of sensor-enabled aquaponic equipment for the small-time hobbyist allthe way up to commercial production companies.

5. Artificial intelligence empowers aquaculture decision-making

Collecting most of their information from sensors, many aquaculture technologycompanies are harnessing the power of artificial intelligence (AI) to improvedecision-making. The Yield, an Australian company that provides technologiesfor all types of agriculture, uses its Sensing+Aqua technology to createpredictive analytics for enhanced data-driven decision-making.Shoal’s robotic fishes work collectively using AI to locate sources ofpollution underwater. Credit: SHOAL Consortium/handoutA robotic fish known as Shoal uses AI, or swarm intelligence (SI), to detectpollution underwater. The robots are sent out as a group and must be able tonavigate their environment, avoid obstacles, including those of other roboticfish, recharge themselves at charging stations and generally make decisionsautonomously of humans. Even companies that are considered market leaders insimpler technologies such as camera and feeding systems, such as Steinvikaremaking strides to incorporate AI and system learning into their technology inorder to remain competitive and accommodate customers’ rising expectations.According to The Economist, nearly 32 percent of wild-caught fish are procuredunsustainably. The introduction of AI can greatly reduce overexploited fishspecies through camera and data collection systems that use AI to identifyspecies and enable greater accountability of harvesting practices.The Seafood Innovation Cluster launched the AquaCloud platform, which aims tohelp managers, researchers and scientists gain new insights through itsmassive data collection and analysis. Particularly focused on sea licemanagement, the platform then uses AI to aid in the monitoring ofinfestations’ development and spread within the environment, effectivelypromoting more effective area management systems for the control of pathogens.

6. Augmented reality (AR) adds a new dimension to dives

The U.S. Navy developed this diver’s helmet that uses augmented reality. Photocourtesy of the U.S. Navy.There is great potential for the use of AR in the aquaculture industry.Already the U.S. Navy uses DAVD (Divers Augmented Vision Display), whichsuperimposes high-resolution sonar imagery on a diver’s visual world. NASA hastested Microsoft’s HoloLens in a similar way. Comparable masks include ScubusS by Indiegogo, which has a camera, or Smart Swimming Goggles by Yanko Design,which even allows for calls between divers. The implications for this from anaquaculture industry standpoint are significant. Producers could use thistechnology to improve the efficiency of operations, analyze mortalities,health status and a variety of environmental parameters.One of the best ways to incorporate AR into the aquaculture industry is to useit for teaching and instructional purposes. The Norwegian University ofScience and Technology (NTNU) designed an aquaculture simulator using virtualreality and AR, incorporating Oculus Rift’s technologies. The program has beendesigned to teach about fish welfare, disease prevention, escaping fish anddangerous working conditions. This last concept is of particular importance tostudents, as salmon farming is one of Norway’s principle industries.

7. Virtual reality (VR) is opening the eyes of the next generation to

aquacultureCurrently, the most practical applications for virtual reality are trainingand education.The opportunities for VR in the aquaculture industry are many, particularlyfor training and education. VR is being used by NTNU to pique the nextgeneration’s interest in aquaculture. NTNU has developed an aquaculturesimulator that uses VR to allow students to virtually visit a fish farm. It isquite clear how such developments could also be used for training purposes inthe aquaculture industry.

8. Blockchain verifies sustainability, improves transparency from fishery

to finished plateBlockchain is best known as a financially secure method of payment, whichcould greatly benefit the aquaculture industry. Due in part to the lifecycleof the fish and in part to the significant values involved in thetransactions, the industry suffers from a poor reputation for paymentcontracts.Much like the concept of open ocean fishing, the interconnectivity ofblockchain should elicit more sustainable practices in aquaculture.Blockchain is a digital record of transactions that is accessible publicly andis incorruptible by any one person. What it would mean for the aquacultureindustry is the opportunity for transactions between suppliers and purchasersto occur immediately and safely. There would be no need for the exchange ofphysical monies, potentially saving the added expense of transaction andcurrency exchanges. Furthermore, information about individual harvests andproduction methods could be stored here and made accessible to other producersand consumers. Privacy is always a critical concern when discussing thesematters, but the way blockchain is set up maintains privacy while enforcingtransparency. Fish that is claimed as sustainably produced could, in fact, beverified as such.Connecting all of these disruptive technologies is the internet of things(IoT). It is this technological revolution of computing and communicationsthat makes the robot capable of performing tasks as assigned by a remote useror that transfers information obtained through sensors to producers foranalysis on smartphones, tablets or computers. For prime examples of IoTtechnology, look no further than Eruvaka Technologies or Cargo Zippers.The adaptation and adoption of these eight digital technologies are occurringat an ever-increasing rate in many industries. Aquaculture has been arelatively late adopter, and what we are seeing is only the tip of theiceberg. When considering that the industry is the fastest-growing sector infood production and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UnitedNations anticipates that an additional 27 million tons of fish production willbe needed just to maintain the present level of consumption in 2030, it shouldcome as no surprise that additional ag-tech investments in aquaculture will beat record levels. The future of fish farming looks more sustainable, moretraceable and more profitable.Click here to subscribe to our Aquaculture newsletter

1. Digital feeding

CageEye, a decision-making tool, is using advanced hydroacoustic technology tomonitor fish movement and environmental data with advanced machine learningalgorithms. This is achieved by measuring fish density, speed and accelerationduring feeding throughout the gates and visualizing this with real-timeechogram images. Correlated with feeding patterns, these parameters offerunique insights into fish appetites.“By understanding fish appetites, farmers can feed according to the fishnutritional needs,” said Dr. Nengas. “This results in more efficient feeding,increased fish growth and, ultimately, increased sustainable production,addressing the demand for more seafood directly.”With this technology, CageEye claims to save up to 20% of feeding costs byreducing over-feeding.

5. Underwater drone data collectors

“Today, visual inspections conducted below the surface and the seabed arenormally carried out by fixed-camera systems, divers or heavy ROVs,” explainedDr. Nengas. “While utilizing divers is expensive and represents significantrisks, ROVs have traditionally been very costly and require extensive trainingto manage. On the other hand, fixed cameras have natural limitations when itcomes to reach and flexibility. With the underwater drone, you have a mobileunderwater camera, which allows you to carry out your own inspections wheneverand wherever you want.”Underwater drones help monitor off-surface farms and track environmentalparameters such as pH, salinity, oxygen levels, turbidity and pollutants. Farmoperators can check for mortalities in the cage, monitor feeding and inspectunderwater cages for damage or net holes through the drones. Specializeddrones can even repair nets.

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Top 8 Trending Technologies in 2021 You Need To LearnHome>General> Top 8 Trending Technologies in 2021 You Need To Learn

Trending Technologies: Introduction

Technology is constantly updating at such a rapid pace that it seems it ismight be faster than light! A technology or a programming language that ismaking the rounds this week may be obsolete by the next few days! As more andmore funds are invested in research and development, computer scientists andprofessionals are constantly tweaking and improving existing technologies toget the most out of them.As a result, a new programming language, library, patch, or plug-in getsreleased almost every hour. To keep up with this crazy pace of development,you have to keep learning the latest technology concepts. We will look at themost trending technologies that you must learn. Learn about the top hottestskills to learn to get a job.

Latest Technology Trends of 2021

Learning and enhancing your skills are vital in this technological era. Thishelps you to prepare yourself for getting the highest paying jobs in the fieldof your choice. And if you are a professional already, learning newtechnologies and tools will take you an inch closer to the promotion youalways dreamt of. Widening your arsenal of tools also enhances your value as aprofessional in your company.Here are some of the latest trending technologies that are sure to dominatethe IT industry in 2021 and the upcoming years –

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